Eco Friendly House Designs – To reduce the impact of environmental damage such as global warming and climate change, currently the construction of environmentally friendly homes continues to be intensified. Several principles are important characteristics of a dwelling that can be categorized as an environmentally friendly home. Curious what are the characteristics? Check out the following Kania discussion!
Located in The Right Location Eco Friendly House Designs
Making Eco Friendly House Designs must begin with the selection of an appropriate construction site. Eco friendly homes are not suitable when built in locations such as river banks, water catchment areas, or in locations that are too close to a garbage disposal area.
Residential development in riverbanks and water catchment areas will disrupt water cycle cycles which could result in natural disasters. While the construction of houses near the garbage disposal area will result in the potential for occupancy of air pollution and groundwater pollution.
Besides, the creation of environmentally friendly homes must also pay attention to applicable land use plans. The house must be located in an area that is regulated as residential land.
Don’t let a house be built in an area that the local government regulates as an industrial area, a protected forest area, or in a green open area that belongs to the city. Therefore, environmentally friendly homes must first be ensured to have a valid development permit.
Choosing an Efficient Location
Another consideration in choosing the location of the establishment of Eco Friendly House Designs is the distance from the location of the house to certain places that are potentially needed by residents of the house, such as shopping centers, schools, and offices. The closer the location of the house to these places, the carbon footprint produced by the activities of the occupants of the house will be smaller.
Carbon footprint is the number of carbon emissions produced by an organization, product, or individual from various daily activities, starting from the use of electrical appliances, eating patterns, and ways of traveling. High carbon emissions will increase the risk of global warming you know!
Has a Green Open Area
An important feature of environmentally friendly homes is the next is the existence of green open space in the area of the house. To meet the standards of environmentally friendly homes, a minimum of 30% of the total land area must be used as an open space equipped with various plants.
Green open space can not only be made in the area around the house, but the roof of the house can also be used as a location for making green open spaces such as the rooftop garden which is usually found in skyscrapers.
Eco Friendly House equipped with green open spaces will play a role in improving air quality in the surrounding environment. That is because plants will suck carbon dioxide and produce oxygen.
To further enhance the function of improving air quality while making the house cooler, some environmentally friendly homes also arrange plants vertically on the fence or outside walls of the house to form a vertical garden.
Green open spaces around environmentally friendly home buildings can also function for water catchment areas. Open land that is overgrown by plants will certainly absorb more water. To maximize the function of water absorption, soils in green open spaces in environmentally friendly home areas can also be given bio pure holes.
Good Air Exchange
Environmentally friendly homes must have the characteristics of a healthy home, which is a pattern of good air circulation in it. Exchange of fresh air from outside the house with the air from inside the house must always take place smoothly. One characteristic of environmentally friendly homes with good air exchange is adequate ventilation and windows. Ventilation has many benefits for a home.
Environmentally friendly homes usually also have a bit of insulation in it. This is so that as much as possible air circulation takes place evenly in all parts of the house. So that environmentally friendly homes can certainly not have a stuffy room in it.
Characteristics of an environmentally friendly home that is no less important are saving energy. The step to save energy consumption in green homes is to maximize renewable energy such as sunlight. Eco Friendly House Designs are made in such a way that the sun’s rays can become the main lighting source that is sufficient for all parts of the house.
Usually to maximize sunlight, on the roof of the environmentally friendly home mounted solar panels that function to absorb energy from the sun to be converted into electrical energy. The use of electric energy producing glass in the window alias solar window has also been applied to several environmentally friendly homes.
Besides having a myriad of benefits, exposure to sunlight can also have an impact on raising the room’s temperature to heat. Environmentally friendly homes usually deal with this by installing a layer of insulator on the roof. This insulator layer functions to reduce heat.
Besides, avoid roofing materials such as zinc or asbestos which risk making the house hotter. With the selection of the right roofing material and the installation of insulators to reduce heat, environmentally friendly homes certainly do not need energy-efficient air conditioners and instead produce gases that damage the ozone layer,
To save energy, environmentally friendly homes also use household appliances that are efficient in energy use, for example, stoves with low gas consumption, LED lights that are more energy-efficient, to bathrooms that use showers that tend to be more water-efficient.
Good Waste Management
Environmentally friendly homes must also have a good waste management system. One of the simple things that are commonly applied to environmentally friendly homes in managing waste is the availability of a temporary garbage shelter that is closed, thus minimizing the risk of air pollution from odors generated by household waste. Garbage bins are also usually made into at least two parts to separate the placement of organic and inorganic waste.
Meanwhile, in Eco Friendly House Designs usually, the wastewater from bathing or washing activities is first channeled to infiltration wells which have fibers, gravel, and sand layers as natural water purifiers. Wastewater that has been purified through infiltration wells will then be absorbed by the soil around the house so that it is not wasted away.